Human Security in Practice in Thailand

ผู้เขียน: Surangrut Jumnianpol andNithi Nuangjamnong


This chapter traces the process of acceptance of human security in Thailand in terms of both concept and operationalization by reviewing literature and interviewing key stakeholders. The position of the Thai government on human security is Janus-faced. The Thai government capitalized on the concept of human security in 1994 at the time it was propounded by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). After establishing the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security (MSDHS) in 2002, however, the focus has shifted from foreign policy for Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) to domestic “Thai-style” social welfare policy. While “Thai-style” human security is supposed to be one way of localizing the alien concept, the author argues that its “depoliticization”, that is, the omission of the “freedom from fear” aspect, tends to narrow the concept’s scope of application.

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